With a purpose of providing awareness about Disaster Risk Reduction and Management (DRRM), this dedicated webpage is targeted for businesses (especially women-led) and consumers to enhance their disaster resilience and generate demand for DRRM related products.
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According to Nepal Disaster Report 2017, published by the Ministry of Home Affairs the five main disasters that could occur in Nepal on the basis of the disasters that have occurred in the past 46-year period from 1971 to 2017 are:
Earthquake can be defined as the shaking of earth caused by waves moving on and below the earth's surface and causing: surface faulting, tremors, vibration, liquefaction, landslides, aftershocks and/or tsunamis (WHO).
Landslides occur when large amounts of earth, rock, sand or mud flow swiftly down hill and mountain slopes. The incidence of this phenomenon, usually triggered by natural hazards such as earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, heavy rain storms or cyclones, is increasing due to modern land-use practices, climate change and deforestation. (FAO)
Monsoon-induced flooding occurs annually in Nepal, resulting in deaths; population displacement; and damage to crops, houses, and infrastructure. Although monsoon rainfall is vital for agricultural production, heavy rains also increase risks for vulnerable populations. (USAID)
Fires can be natural or non natural disasters. Fire can be caused by lightening or ignorance of people. Fires can hamper lives and infrastructure severely affecting the economy.
Spread of disease in a large population within a community or region. Pandemic is an epidemic spread in multiple countries or continents like COVID-19.
A lightning strike is an electric discharge between the atmosphere and the ground. Lightning can kill people or cause cardiac arrest. Injuries range from severe burns and permanent brain damage to memory loss and personality change.
GLOF can be impounded by moraine complexes, glacial ice or even bedrock and, as a result of breaching, slope failure, overtopping or other failure mechanisms,lead to catastrophic phenomena in the high mountains that threaten people’s lives, livelihoods and regional infrastructure. (ICIMOD)
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Disasters can affect our life, well-being, property, physical infrastructure, health and much more. Explore various insurance policies to cover physical losses.
Disasters can disrupt businesses leading to decrease in GDP. Prepare a Business Continuity Plan (BCP) to revitalize your business quickly.
People may also lose home, possessions, and community during disasters. Such stressors might place them at risk for emotional health problems. Enhance your mindfulness skills. Reach out to psycho-social counseling support.
Violence is a critical issue facing communities affected by disasters, such as abuse and neglect of child, elderly and persons with disabilities and Gender Based Violence (GBV).
Firstly, being aware of disaster and its impact is vital. In order to have knowledge and information regarding disaster, its impact and management, kindly refer to online resource centre of Disaster Preparedness Network- Nepal (DPNet Nepal).
Secondly, making a plan is important. Have a Rescue, Survival & Rehabilitation plan including a business revival plan. As for capacity building for business revival you may refer to Capacity Building at EMERGE.
Last but not the least, being equipped with the essential supplies of goods before the disaster actually happens is of utmost importance. Time to pack !!!
A "Go Bag" is an emergency-preparedness bag that you pack in advance before any disaster strikes,hoping never to need to use it. However,if disaster happens then these bags are useful in situations that require a hasty evacuation. Your emergency kit should be self-contained in one small or medium-sized bag and should contain enough nonperishable food and potable water for you and your family to last several days. You should also pack some extra clothing and blankets.Get your Go-Bag here
Click here for “Disability Inclusive Get Ready Guidebook” English Nepali
Don't build houses on slopes, make sure to have retaining walls if required, plant vegetations that anchor the soil. In case of nearby landslides, evacuate immediately.
Explore nursery species suitable for bioengineering.
Keep yourself aware of the alert sent by the government locally. Be prepared with a go-bag having essentials. Do not walk or swim in the flood water. Turn off the electricity and if possible stay on the upper floor of the house. Floods can contaminate the drinking water therefore always use water purification before drinking it.
If possible install smoke alarms at every level of your floor. Always keep an emergency escape plan having an emergency escape route. Keep lighters or matches out of reach of kids, make sure to turn off fire if it is being used for cooking or heating purposes and also make sure to turn off any corded electronic appliances if not being used in case of a thunderstorm.
In case of thunderstorms, always remain inside the house or if you are outside then get to the largest shelter at the nearest, do not use corded devices.
Maintain hygiene, wear a mask and keep a safe distance while meeting people.
Be aware of GLOF prone areas, always make sure of the research before visiting the areas. If you live nearby the area keep an emergency plan, exit the area as soon as an early sign of warning or any alert is received.
Have an emergency "Go-bag" ready and place it at an easily accessible place of your home/office.
Promote and build earthquake resilient homes. Retrofit old/weak buildings.
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